The Gulf countries are situated on the richest area of the world in terms of petrol and energy reserves and have 3 trillion dollars of fund source.  The Gulf countries have been spending 1.8 trillion dollars of these funds for overseas investments.

Owning 35% of total fund sources of the world, the Gulf countries have been working with different instruments than western-sourced investments. The Gulf countries composing of the countries such as Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait have preferred interest free instruments while investing.

GULF-US Platform

I.Gulf Funs

Country Fund Name Value (billion dollars) 
BAE- Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi Investment Authority $773
Saudi Arabistan SAMA Foreign Holdings $757,2
Kuveyt Kuwait Investment Authority $592
Katar Qatar Investment Authority $256
BAE – Dubai Investment Corporation of Dubai $183
BAE–Abudabi Dubai Abu Dhabi Investment Council $110
BAE–Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Invest $66,3
BAE–Abu Dhabi Mubadala Development $66,3
BAE – Federal Emirates Investment Authority $15
Umman State General Reserve Fund $13
Bahreyn Mumtalakat Holding Company $10,5
Umman Oman Investment Fund $6
Suudi Arabistan Public Investment Fund $5.3
BAE- Ras Al Khaimah RAK Investment Authority $1.2
TOTAL GCC SWF Funds $2.853,6
TOTAL Word SWF Funds $7.367,6

II.Gulf Top Banks

Bank Name Assets Net Profit (000 USD) Country
Qatar National Bank 133.614.471 2.889.461 QATAR
National Commercial Bank 115.967.489 2.344.851 SA
National Bank of Abu Dhabi 102.395.511 1.518.886 UAE
Emirates NBD 98.835.010 1.399.137 UAE
Al Rajhi Banking Corporation 82.056.415 1.822.979 SA
National Bank of Kuwait 74.323.098 933.653 Kuwait
Kuwait Finance House 58.621.244 546.144 Kuwait
Samba Financial Group 57.973.021 1.334.687 SA
First Gulf Bank 57.764.362 1.553.236 UAE
Riyad Bank 57.223.811 1.160.642 SA
Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank 55.545.729 1.143.856 UAE
Banque Saudi Fransi 50.340.507 937.691 SA
Saudi British Bank 50.029.138 1.137.616 SA
Arab National Bank 43.911.561 767.241 SA
Dubai Islamic Bank 33.729.202 763.334 UAE
Ahli United Bank 33.444.888 531.254 Bahrain
Commercial Bank of Qatar 31.772.623 533.026 Qatar
Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank 30.466.595 476.638 UAE
Arab Banking Corporation 29.356.000 318 Bahrain
Mashreq Bank 28.815.758 676.904 UAE
Burgan Bank 26.446.308 248.055 Kuwait
Qatar Islamic Bank 26.402.875 458.393 Qatar
Saudi Hollandi Bank 25.765.125 485.576 SA
Union National Bank 25.446.023 550.102 UAE
Bank Muscat 25.268.333 423.966 Oman
Saudi Investment Bank 24.967.051 383.061 SA
Al Baraka Bank Group 23.463.589 274.767 Bahrain
Al Rayan 22.003.920 554.173 Qatar
Alinma Bank 21.563.162 337.182 SA
Gulf International Bank 21.300.200 85.6 Bahrain
Doha Bank 20.746.583 373.258 Qatar
Gulf Bank 18.187.890 120.982 Quveyt
Bank Al Jazira 17.747.714 152.658 SA
Commercial Bank of Kuwait 14.373.105 167.594 Kuwiat
Al Khaliji Commercial Bank 14.077.493 154.645 Qatar
Commercial Bank of Dubai 12.773.551 327.323 UAE
Bank Al Bilad 12.061.310 230.408 SA
Al Ali Bank Kuwait 11.937.888 128.284 Kuwait
Qatar International Islamic Bank 10.548.751 226.873 Qatar
Barwa Bank 10.059.032 176.191 Qatar
RAKBANK 9.482.754 396.026 UAE
Bank of Bahrain and Kuwait 9.311.092 133.794 Bahrain
Boubyan Bank 9.034.208 97.253 Kuwait
Bank Dhofar 8.296.425 105.073 Oman
Ithmaar Bank 7.860.904 -8.847 Bahrain
National Bank of Oman 7.730.107 130.566 Oman
National Bank of Bahrain 7.283.130 142.12 Bahrain
United Arab Bank 6.999.533 164.827 UAE
Bank of Sharjah 6.821.231 77.843 UAE
Sharjah Islamic Bank 6.650.072 80.304 UAE

 III.Gulf Financial Products

The Gulf countries have been trying to lead their assets to safe investments. Due to the economic stability in recent years, its trust, safety, in terms of investor protection and the business familiarity with Gulf countries, US has been a candidate to be the center of the investments of Gulf Countries.

The Gulf countries, carrying out very different investments in very different fields in the world are determining the most productive fields for every country and canalizing this field.

Potential of working according to participation, sharing and ethical-Islamic criteria financial institutions and  Finance Market Estimates $3.4 Trillion by end of 2018. Finance assets represented 1% of the global financial market of $127 Trillion in assets.

At a time where the International Monetary Fund warns that the global economy is sliding into “secular stagnation” due to a slump in commodity prices and a slowdown in investments, the Islamic economy stands in stark contrast, offering a viable solution to success in the 21st century.

Despite that global Islamic finance industry is projected to grow by 60% to $3.2 trillion in assets by 2020

The Gulf countries are using different instruments such as investment trusts, private equity, and sukuk for investment in the countries they have a tendency.

The most popular of these methods is now Sukuk.

The World Countries have been undertaking government based enterprises to attract this rich and economic source. For instance, holding 57% of all Gulf funds, Malaysia has leased the council’s field using the Gulf oriented sukuk it has exported.

The fund transferred via sukuk method to the country from Gulf Countries can be used in many areas.  Lands, real estates, energy investments, vehicles, factories, workshops, industrial zones are the assets mostly used for sukuk export.


The positive development is the appeal of Sukuk as an alternative source of financing from new jurisdictions ranging from Europe, Asia, CIS and Africa and emerging sign of possible direct entry from North America.